III Information Warfare Conference

Cyber weapons and decision making

Held in Rome in November 2012, the Third Annual Conference on Information Warfare brought together authoritative representatives from all decision-making components of the Italian system (government, armed forces, intelligence services, police, business, finance, academia and scientific research) to explore issues such as the need to develop a national cybersecurity strategy and the evolution of the OODA cycle (observe, orient, decide, and act) in light of new cyber threats that, unlike traditional threats, are “cross-cutting” in that they can exploit the vulnerabilities of individuals-often unaware of what is happening around them-to strike targets, public and private, all the way up to the apex levels of state organization.

The conference was intended for a qualified audience including national civilian, military and security institutions, businesses, universities and research centers. It has two basic objectives:

  • To deepen knowledge and increase awareness among political and economic decision-makers in the system-Italy-of the emergence of new offensive and defensive cyber weapons, their future evolution, as well as the unprecedented problems they create for decision-making processes in the field of national security and the private sector.
  • Bringing together experts and analysts-from civilian and military government agencies, business and finance, universities and scientific research centers-to contribute ideas and proposals concerning:
      • The development of a national cybersecurity strategy for system-Italy;
      • the introduction of organizational innovations in the national security decision-making architecture with the aim of enhancing its capabilities for both prevention and effective and timely response to possible threats or cyber-war attacks against vital interests of our country.

The Conference was conceived by the Interdepartmental Center for Strategic, International and Entrepreneurial Studies at the University of Florence (CSSII), Link Campus University, the “Gino Germani” Study Center and the Institute for Forecasting Studies and International Research (ISPRI), in agreement with Maglan Europe, a leading international auditing and consulting firm for information defense in the civil, military and governmental fields.